Pipe Organ Database

a project of the organ historical society

George Jardine & Son (1848)

Location:

St. Paul's Episcopal
328 E. Queen St.
Pendleton, SC 29670 US
Organ ID: 105

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Status and Condition:

  • This instrument's location type is: Episcopal and Anglican Churches
  • The organ has been renovated with changes from its original state.
  • The organ's condition is unknown.
We received the most recent update for this instrument's status from Brad Engelland on August 15, 2022.

Technical Details:

  • Chests: Slider
  • 3 ranks. 1 manuals. 3 stops. 4 registers.
All:
  • Chest Type(s): Slider chests
  • Position: Pipes exposed (in whole or in part) at the front of the room.
We received the most recent update for this division from Database Manager on May 13, 2018.
Main:
  • Manuals: 1
  • Stops: 3
  • Registers: 4
  • Position: Keydesk attached.
  • Manual Compass: 54
  • Key Action: Mechanical connection from key to chest (tracker, sticker or mix).
  • Stop Action: Mechanical connection between stop control and chest.
  • Console Style: Traditional style without cover.
  • Stop Controls: Drawknobs in vertical rows on flat jambs.
  • Combination Action: No combination action.
  • Swell Control Type: No enclosed divisions.
  • Pedalboard Type: No pedalboard.
We received the most recent update for this console from Trey Williams on August 16, 2022.
Trey Williams on August 16, 2022:

The organ's original winding mechanism is still working, or can be bypassed with an electric blower. The manual winding can be operated by the organist's right foot or by an assistant pumping a lever on the right side of the case.

The left foot-lever partially retires the Principal stop-knob (enough to close the slider). This stop is spring-loaded such that when the lever is released the stop comes on again. To fully retire the stop, the organist must push the stopknob in and latch it down slightly, then lift up slightly to bring it back on. The other three knobs push in and out normally.

The 6 facade pipes are dummies. The bass of the Stop'd Diapason is at the very back of the case. The Treble Dulciana is immediately in front, followed by the treble of the Stop'd Diapason. The bass pipes of the Stop'd Diapason are wood, switching to metal around Middle C. The metal Stop's Diapason pipes appear to have chimneys. The Principal is at the front of the windchest, nearest the organist. Its lowest 4 pipes are stopped wood, the rest are metal. The open pipes are all cone-tuned, as can be seen from the photograph. Pipes are laid out chromatically, left-to-right.

I checked the tuning on a Tuesday afternoon in mid-August, where the temperature in the church was 81°F according to the thermostat on the wall near the organ. 'A' was approximately 432 Hz, which varied a few Hz depending on the rank, which would of course decrease a few Hz as the temperature drops. Still markedly below modern pitch standard. I could not ascertain a temperament as the purity of fifths varied depended on the rank and the octave. I did not detect a 'wolf' interval indicating relatively equal temperament, despite being slightly out-of-tune with itself.

We received the most recent update for this note from Trey Williams on August 16, 2022.

Trey Williams on July 27, 2022:

The organ is still in good condition and is in use several times a year at various services. This church functions as a chapel-of-ease for Holy Trinity Episcopal in Clemson. The cemetery holds the graves of Thomas Greene Clemson and his wife Anna Maria Calhoun, daughter of US Vice-President John C. Calhoun, as well as that of Mrs. Floride Calhoun, Calhoun's wife.

Mrs. Calhoun helped raise the funds for the purchase of the instrument, as described on the Church's website: "The present organ was purchased in 1848 by popular subscription ($300.00). Prior to the installation, Dr. Thomas Dart “raised the tunes.” Mrs. John C. Calhoun was active in raising the funds because she complained that Dr. Dart “failed to carry the tune” and because of the “hissing sound he made.”

The organ is typically used for an occasional Choral Evensong, Christmas Eve, and Whitsunday services, as well as weddings and funerals held at the church.

We received the most recent update for this note from Trey Williams on July 27, 2022.

Database Manager on October 30, 2004:

Status Note: There 1985.

We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.

Database Manager on October 30, 2004:

Restored Farmer 1985. Stoplist in Richmond.

We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.
Taken from console: Open In New Tab Originally published 8/15/22
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from Trey Williams on August 15, 2022.

Instrument Images:

Organ case and keydesk: Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Organ case and keydesk (electric blower housed in box at left): Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Right stop jamb: Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Left stop jamb: Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Foot levers (lever on the right operates the bellows and lever on the left retires the spring-loaded Principal stop): Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Builder's nameplate: Photograph by Trey Williams . Taken on 2022-08-15

Plaque commemorating the restoration (which is partially obscured by the music rack when in place): Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-15

Hand pump lever and reservoir indicator, on right side of case: Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-16

Pipework, image taken through grille on case front.: Photograph by Trey Williams. Taken on 2022-08-16

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