The OHS Pipe Organ Database

Gulangyu Organ Museum
Gulangyu Island
Xiamen, China

Kulangsu Organ Art Center

OHS Database ID 44327.


Status and Condition

The organ has been renovated and is no longer in its original state.
The organ is in good condition and in regular use.
We received the most recent update on this organ's state and condition June 25, 2018.


Technical Details

Electro-pneumatic (EP) ventil chests.

Four manuals. 9 divisions. 103 stops. 131 registers. 116 ranks. Manual compass is 61 notes. Pedal compass is 32 notes.

The organ is in a case at the front of the room. Traditional style console with roll top. The console is movable.

Drawknobs in horizontal rows on terraced/stepped jambs. Balanced swell shoes/pedals. Combination Action: Computerized/Digital system. Concave radiating pedalboard. Crescendo Pedal. Reversible full organ/tutti thumb piston. Reversible full organ/tutti toe stud. Combination action thumb pistons. Combination action toe studs. Coupler reversible thumb pistons. Coupler reversible toe studs.

Notes

  • Identified through online information from James R. Stettner. -- The organ was originally designed by Lynnwood Farnam and built for Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Boston, Massachusetts. It was for sale through the Organ Clearing House in 2004. The organ (along with a Norman & Beard from England) was purchased by piano collector Hu Youyin. The Casavant was shipped in 2007, and relocated to Gulangyu Island in China where it resides in an organ museum - the former villa of a wealthy Chinese merchant. (Database Manager. October 19, 2009)
  • Updated by Douglas P Wilson
    XIAMEN, March 24 2018 (Xinhua)--- Olivier Latry, chief organist at Notre-Dame de Paris, held a recital Friday evening on Gulangyu Island in east China's Fujian Province. (Steven E. Lawson. March 26, 2018)
  • Updated by Antony Melck, representative of the builder.
    The instrument is divided into the Chancel Organ and the Gallery Organ. Most of the stops of the Chancel and Gallery Swell divisions, and those of the Gallery Choir division, each have 73 pipes for use with the octave couplers.
    After being bought by Mr Hu Youyi, the organ was moved from Boston, USA, to Gulangyu, China, by Wakeley Pipe Organs, Australia, in 2007; and fully restored by Rieger Orgelbau, Austria, in 2017/8.
    The two sections of the organ (Chancel and Gallery organs) are positioned at either end of a new, custom-made, hall to simulate the relationship that existed between the organ's sections in the Emmanuel Church, Boston. Both sections have their original facades which have been fully restored with the rest of the organ, including the re-carving of lost sections of the intricate Gallery organ case. The restored console is now on a mobile platform that can be positioned anywhere between the two cases. All the original (thumb and toe) pistons and the accompanying pneumatic system of the console have been retained, but can also be operated by the digital combination system, REA, made by Rieger Orgelbau. This includes a sequencer and playback facility. A keypad for programming the Rieger system is mounted separately on a pedestal next to the organ bench.
    Thirty-two stops come from the Hutchings instrument; ten stops, that were missing (or replaced with neo-baroque stops in the mid 20th century) have been remade anew by Rieger according to the original specification.
    The windchests of the organ are original, excluding three off-note chests that were lost when their stops were replaced in the mid 20th century, and which were remade by Rieger. The electrical system and cabling activating the pneumatic chests have been replaced. However, the original electro-pneumatic parts have been retained and stored in the Museum.
    Following the restoration by Rieger, the organ is once again fully functional as a concert instrument. The restored Gallery organ was inaugurated on 17 December 2017, with Alcee Chriss (USA) as main organist; the complete organ (Chancel and Gallery) was inaugurated on 23 March 2018 with Olivier Latry (France) as organist. (Steven E. Lawson. June 22, 2018)

Online Documents

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Related Database Entries

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Photographs

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Kulangsu Organ Art Center. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Console before restoration. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Console after restoration. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Console and Rieger keypad pedestal. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Console sideview. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Chancel Organ and Console. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Gallery Organ and Console. Photograph from Rieger Orgelbau
Organ Hall Interior. Photograph by Franz Roth (March 2018)
Chancel Organ. Photograph by Franz Roth (March 2018)
Console. Photograph by Franz Roth (March 2018)
Gallery Organ. Photograph by Franz Roth (March 2018)

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Stoplist

When they are available, stoplists for organs are included in the Database. To make corrections in stoplists that you see here, please send details via e-mail to stoplists@pipeorgandatabase.org rather than submitting a new stoplist through our online form.

  • Typed stoplist. Source: from Antony Melck, Rieger-Orgelbau
    Xiamen, China
    Gulangyu Organ Museum
    
    Restored by Rieger Orgelbau       2017             4 manuals, 103 stops, 116 ranks
    Originally in Emmanuel Church, Boston; moved to China in 2007
    Casavant Frères Ltée   Opus 700   1917             4 manuals, 107 stops, 120 ranks
    __________________________________________________________________________________
    
          *  1890 Hutchings stops                      NOTE: The 1917 Casavant organ
          +  2017 Rieger stops                         had a 5-rank Chapel organ that
             Unmarked = Casavant 1917 stops            was playable from the Swell.
    
                                       CHANCEL ORGAN
    
             GREAT ORGAN (Man. 2)                      SWELL ORGAN (Man. 3)
         16' Diapason                 61*          16' Bourdon                  73*
          8' Open Diapason I          61+           8' Violin Diapason          73*
          8' Open Diapason II         61*           8' Spitz Flute              73*
          8' Open Diapason III        61*           8' Salicional               73*
          8' Double Flute             61+           8' Voix Céleste (TC)        61*
          8' Stopped Flute            61            8' Stopped Flute            73*
          4' Octave                   61*           8' Aeoline                  73*
          4' Harmonic Flute           61*           4' Octave                   73*
      2 2/3' Twelfth                  61*           4' Violina                  73
          2' Fifteenth                61*           4' Traverse Flute           73*
          2' Mixture III             183*           2' Piccolo                  61*
      1 1/3' Mixture IV              244            2' Mixture IV              244
         16' Trombone                 61           16' Contra Bassoon           73
          8' Trumpet                  61            8' Cornopean                73
          4' Clarion                  61            8' Oboe                     73
                                                    8' Vox Humana               61+
             CHOIR ORGAN (Man. 1)                   4' Clarion                  73
         16' Dulciana                 61*              Tremulant
          8' Open Diapason            61
          8' Gemshorn                 61*              PEDAL ORGAN
          8' Viola di Gamba           61*          32' Bourdon                  32*
          8' Melodia                  61*          16' Open Flute               44+
          8' Lieblich Gedeckt         61           16' Open Metal (Gt)          --
          8' Dulciana                 61*          16' Violone                  44*
          8' Unda Maris (TC)          49           16' Bourdon                  56*
          4' Gemshorn                 61           16' Echo Bourdon (Sw)        --
          4' Violina                  61*          16' Dulciana (Ch)            --
          4' Wood Flute               61*           8' Open Flute (fr. 16')     --+
      2 2/3' Twelfth                  61            8' Cello (fr. Violone)      --*
          2' Piccolo                  61            8' Bourdon (fr. 16')        --*
      1 3/5' Tierce                   61            8' Echo Bourdon (Sw)        --
          8' Trumpet                  61            8' Dulciana (Ch)            --
          8' Clarinet                 61            4' Super Octave             32*
          8' Musette                  61            4' Bourdon (fr. 16')        --
          4' Clarion                  61           32' Bombarde (ext Gt)        12+
             Tremulant                             16' Bombarde                 56
                                                   16' Trombone (Gt)            --
             COUPLERS                              16' Bassoon (Sw)             --
             Chancel Crescendo On                   8' Tromba (fr. 16' Bomb)    --
             Great to Pedal                         4' Clarion (fr. 16' Bomb)   --
             Swell to Pedal
             Choir to Pedal
             Swell octave to Pedal
             Choir octave to Pedal
             Swell sub to 2 (Great)
             Swell to 2
             Swell octave to 2
             Choir sub to 2
             Choir to 2
             Swell sub
             Swell octave
             Swell sub to 1 (Choir)
             Swell to 1
             Swell octave to 1
             Choir sub
             Chancel Great to 1
             Chancel Great off
             Chancel Choir off
             Chancel Organ alone
             Gallery Organ alone
    
                                       GALLERY ORGAN
    
             GREAT ORGAN (Man. 2)                      SWELL ORGAN (Man. 3)
         16' Contra Gamba             61           16' Bourdon                  73
         16' Bourdon                  61            8' Open Diapason            73
          8' Open Diapason I          61            8' Viola da Gamba           73
          8' Open Diapason II         61            8' Voix Céleste (TC)        61
          8' Stopped Flute            61            8' Stopped Flute            73
          8' Harmonic Flute           61            8' Dolce                    73
      5 1/3' Quint                    61            4' Gemshorn                 73
          4' Octave                   61            4' Traverse Flute           73
          4' Harmonic Flute           61            2' Flautino                 61
      3 1/5' Tierce                   61        2 2/3' Sesquialtera III        183
      2 2/3' Twelfth                  61           16' Double Trumpet           73
          2' Fifteenth                61            8' Trumpet                  73
      1 3/5' Tierce                   61            8' Oboe                     73
      1 1/7' Septième                 61            8' Vox Humana               61
          2' Mixture IV              244            4' Clarion                  73
         16' Trombone                 61               Tremulant
          8' Tromba                   61
          4' Clarion                  61               PEDAL ORGAN
                                                   32' Bourdon (Gt + 10-2/3')   12
             CHOIR ORGAN (Man. 1)                  16' Open Flute               56+
          8' Stentorphone             73           16' Open Metal               44
          8' Gross Flute              73           16' Gamba (Gt)               --
          8' Viole d'Orchestre        73           16' Bourdon (Gt)             --
          8' Viole Céleste            73           16' Echo Bourdon (Sw)        --
          8' Gemshorn                 73+           8' Open Flute (fr. 16')     --+
          8' Quintadena               73*           8' Open Metal (fr. 16')     --
          4' Harmonic Flute           73            8' Bourdon (Gt)             --
          2' Harmonic Piccolo         61            8' Echo Bourdon (Sw)        --
          8' Orchestral Oboe          61            4' Open Flute (fr. 16')     --+
             Tremulant                             32' Contra Trombone (ext Gt) 12
                                                   16' Trombone                 56
             SOLO ORGAN (Man. 4; enc. w/Choir)     16' Small Trombone (Gt)      --
          8' Tuba Mirabilis           61           16' Echo Trombone (Sw)       --
          8' Cor Anglais              61            8' Tromba (fr. Trombone)    --
          4' Celesta                  61 bars       4' Clarion (fr. Trombone)   --
    
    
             COMBINATION ACTION (250 levels)           COUPLERS
             Gallery Solo         5  (thumb)           Great to Pedal
             Chancel Swell        6  (thumb)           Swell to Pedal
             Gallery Swell        6  (thumb)           Choir to Pedal
             Chancel Great        8  (thumb)           Solo to Pedal
             Gallery Great        8  (thumb)           Swell octave to Pedal
             Chancel Choir        6  (thumb)           Solo octave to Pedal
             Gallery Choir        3  (thumb)           Swell sub to 2 (Great)
             Chancel Pedal        6  (toe)             Swell to 2
             Gallery Pedal        6  (toe)             Swell octave to 2
             General            0-9  (thumb & toe)     Choir sub to 2
             Adjuster                (thumb)           Choir to 2
                                                       Solo sub to 2
             REVERSIBLES                               Solo to 2
             Gallery Solo to Pedal   (thumb)           Solo octave to 2
             Chancel Swell to Pedal  (thumb)           Solo to Swell
             Gallery Swell to Pedal  (thumb)           Swell sub
             Chancel Great to Pedal  (thumb & toe)     Swell octave
             Gallery Great to Pedal  (thumb & toe)     Swell sub to 1 (Choir)
             Chancel Choir to Pedal  (thumb)           Swell to 1
             Gallery Choir to Pedal  (thumb)           Swell octave to 1
             Chancel Swell to Great  (thumb)           Solo to 1
             Chancel Choir to Great  (thumb)           Solo octave to 1
             Chancel Great to Choir  (thumb)           Choir sub
             Chancel Swell to Choir  (thumb)           Choir octave
             Gallery Solo to Great   (thumb)           Great to Solo
             Full Organ              (thumb)           Swell to Solo
             Reeds                   (thumb)           Choir to Solo
             Strings                 (thumb)           Solo sub
             Manual 16' off          (thumb)           Solo octave
             Subs off                (thumb)           Gallery Great to 1
             Pedal 32-16' off        (thumb)           Gallery Great off
                                                       Gallery Choir off
             SEQUENCER                                 Gt. & Ped. combs. coupled
             > (Next)                (3 thumb, 2 toe)  Gallery Cresendo on
                                                       Celesta sub
    
             RIEGER COMBINATION SYSTEM, REA:           INDICATOR LIGHTS
             10 Users with:                            Chancel Crescendo - 7 lights
             1000 Combinations each                    Gallery Crescendo - 7 lights
             with 3 inserts each                       Full Organ
             Archive for 250 Tracks,                   Reeds
             4 Crescendi - adjustable                  Strings
             Sequencer                                 All manual 16' off
             Rieger replay system                      Subs off
             Rieger tuning system                      Pedal 32-16' off
                                                       Chancel Wind
                                                       Gallery Wind
    
                                                       BALANCED SHOE-PEDALS
                                                       Chancel Choir
                                                       Chancel Swell
                                                       Gallery Swell
                                                       Gallery Choir/Solo
                                                       Crescendo
    
    
    [Received from Steven E. Lawson  2018-06-25]
    
    
  • Click Here Typed stoplist. Source: from Antony Melck, Rieger-Orgelbau Plain text; will open in a new window or tab.